6. Inca City of Machu Picchu
It is also commonly known as the lost city of Incas that was discovered in 1913 by Bingham. The ruins are made of white granite blocks, which are beautifully and carefully fitted together. There are temples, residences, parks and sanctuaries. This is an amazing place to go, especially if you are a history lover. It’s believed that Machu Picchu was built for Pachacuti, the emperor of the Incas. Since the Incas had no written language, it’s hard to find out why they built and how they used the site.
Traveling to Machu Picchu isn’t so easy, but it’s worth the time and effort, as well as money. You can take the plane to Lima and then to Cusco, and only from Cusco you can take the train to Machu Picchu. However, many tourists choose to hike to the spectacular ruins on the Inca Trail. But it may take about 3-4 days to get there.
Nowadays Machu Picchu is highly vulnerable to numerous threats. The weather systems and earthquakes can play havoc with access. Moreover, Machu Picchu is also overcrowded. Many archaeologists are afraid that a great number of visitors can damage the ruins. So when visiting Machu Picchu, try to be as careful as possible and don’t do anything that can harm the ruins.